Major Rivers of India and their States

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• It was in the notable work of Kalidasa in Raghuvansham, that mentioned " Rivers are like mother for the country and mountains like the father ".

• Ganga is the largest river of India. Almost 8 percent of world population lives in the banks of river Ganga. The central government declared Ganga as National river in 2008, November.

• The rivers Bhagirathi and Alaknanda merges in Devaprayag of Uttarakhand to form the River Ganga. It was in Allahabad of Uttar Pradesh, Triveni Sangam occurs. Here in this Triveni Sangam, Ganga and Yamuna merges. Also it is believed that the river Saraswathy also merges with ganga and yamuna in the underground of Triveni Sangamam.

• The biggest tributary of Ganga River is Yamuna. The river yamuna is mentioned in the holy book of Hindu as 'Kalindi".

• Brahmaputra is early known in the name of Lauhitya. Brahmaputra is called as "Tsangpo" in Tibet and Dihing in Arunachal Pradesh. River Ganga flowing through Bangladesh is called as "Padma" whereas the river brahmaputra flowing through Bangladesh is called as Jamuna.

• The biggest river that flowing towards the western part of India is River Narmada. It origins from Amarkantak hills of Madhya Pradesh.

• Godavari is called as Vridh Ganga, which is also the biggest river in South India. It is believed that Godavari is older than Ganga.

• The Krishna River origins from the mahabaleshwar of Maharashtra is the second largest river of South India. Tungabhadra is the subriver of Krishna. Cauvery is called as "Dakshin Ganga". It falls into Bay of Bengal in Poompuhar of Tamil Nadu.

• The river "Damodhar" is called as the "Sad of Bengal".

• Kosi River is called as Sad of Bihar.

• Mahanadi is called as the Sad of Orissa and the river Brahmaputra is called as the sad of Assam.

• Teesta is the river that has the highest speed of flow among all other rivers. Teesta River is also called as lifeline of Sikkim.

• Mandodari river is called as the lifeline of Goa. Panaji of Goa is located on the banks of river Mandodari.

• Mahakali otherwise called as Sharda is the River that flows through the boundaries of both India and Nepal.

• Bhramaputra is called as the Red river of India. The Luni river is flowing through the desert of India.

• Ahmedabad and Gandhi Nagar are the cities located on the banks of river, Sabarmati. Netravati River origins at Gangamoola (Karnataka) is flowing through Mangalapuram.

• Mithi River also called as Mahim River in Salsette Island of Mumbai. Adyar and Koovam are the rivers flowing through Chennai.

• Ayodhya city is located on the banks of Sarayu river. Kolkata is located on the banks of river hooghly whereas Cuttack is located on the banks of river, Mahanadi. Delhi and Agra is located on the banks of Yamuna.

• Hyderabad is located on the banks of Musi River. Nashik on Godavari, Sreenagar on Jhelum, Surat on Tapti River and Lucknow on Gomati banks.

• The Jhelum river is flowing through the woolar lake of Kashmir. Sardar Sarovar Dam is built across Narmada whereas Tehri Dam across Bhagirathi River.

• The Shipra river, also called as Kshipra is flowing through Ujjain City.

• The biggest waterfalls of India is Jog Falls, which is located on the Sharavathi river that originates and flows entirely within Karnataka.

• The National River of Pakistan is Sindhu.

• It was from the niranjana river, flowing through Bodh Gaya, buddha attained peace and nirvana.

Cities on River Banks

01. Agra - Yamuna

02. Ahmedabad - Sabarmati

03. Ayodhya - Sarayu

04. Badrinath - Alakananda

05. Calcutta - Hooghly

06. Cuttack - Mahanadhi

07. Delhi - Yamuna

08. Ferozpur - Sutlej

09. Guwahati - Brahmaputra

10. Haridwar - Ganga

11. Hyderabad - Musi

12. Jabalpur - Narmada

13. Kanpur - Ganga

14. Kota - Chambal

15. Lucknow - Gomati

16. Ludhiyana - Sutlej

17. Nashik - Godavari

18. Patna - Ganga

19. Sambalpur - Mahanadhi

20. Sri Nagar - Jhelum

21. Tiruchirapalli - Cauvery

22. Varanasi - Ganga

23. Vijayawada - Krishna

Indian River Systems

1. Indus River System

2. Brahmaputra River System

3. Ganga River System

4. Narmada River System

5. Tapti River System

6. Godavari River System

7. Krishna River System

8. Cauvery River System

9. Mahanadi River System

Major Rivers Flowing by State wise

Andhra Pradesh

Gautami Godavari, Godavari, Krishna River, Palar, Pennar, Tungabhadra

Arunachal Pradesh

Subansiri, Lohit/ Tellu R, Dihang/Siang, Kameng

Assam

Subansiri, Lohit/ Tellu R, Dihang/Siang, Kopili, Dhaleswari, Barak, Dhaleswari, Kameng, Brahmaputra, Kameng

Bihar

Ghaghara, Ganga, Ajay N, Burhi Gandak, Mahanandi, Kosi, Gandak, Son River

Chhattisgarh

Mahanadi, Godavari, Indravati, Hasdeo, Son River

Delhi

Sahibi River, Yamuna

Gujarat

Yamuna, Sahibi River

Haryana

Yamuna, Ghaggar, Sahibi River

Himachal Pradesh

Yamuna, Ghaggar, Beas, Satluj, Chenab

Jammu and Kashmir

Indus, Chenab

Jharkhand

Damodar, Baitarani, Ganga, Barakar, Ajay N, Son River, Southkoel, Subarnarekha

Karnataka

Krishna River, Cauvery, Pennar, Netravati, Kalinadi, Manjra, Palar, Sharavati, Bhima River, Tungabhadra

Kerala

Bharathapuzha, Kallada, Kalpathi Puzha, Koraiyar R, Mannuaur R, Periyar, Ponnan R, Pulantod, Varattar

Madhya Pradesh

Betwa River, Chambal River, Dhasan River, Ken River, Mahi, Narmada, Parbati River, Son River, Tapi, Tons, Wainganga, Wardha

Maharashtra

Amba, Ambika, Bhima River, Girna, Godavari, Indravati, Krishna River, Manjra, Narmada, Pranhitha, Purna, Tapi, Wainganga, Wardha

Manipur

Barak

Meghalaya

Kopili

Mizoram

Barak, Dhaleswari

Nagaland

Barak

Odisha

Baitarani, Brahmani, Indravati, Mahanadi, Southkoel, Subarnarekha

Puducherry

Gautami Godavari, Ponnaiyar

Punjab

Beas, Ghaggar, Satluj

Rajasthan

Banas, Banas River, Chambal River, Luni River, Mahi, Parbati River, Sabarmati, Sahibi River

Sikkim

Teesta

Tamil Nadu

Cauvery, Palar, Ponnaiyar, Vaigai, Varattar

Telangana

Bhima River, Godavari, Krishna River, Manjra, Pranhitha, Tungabhadra, Wainganga, Wardha

Uttar Pradesh

Betwa River, Chambal River, Dhasan River, Gandak, Ganga, Ghaghara, Gomti, Ken River, Ramganga, Son River, Tons, Yamuna

Uttarakhand

Ganga, Ramganga, Yamuna

West Bengal

Ajay N, Barakar, Bhagirathi, Bhairab R, Damodar, Ganga, Ganga or Padma, Hooghly River, Jalangi N, Jaldhaka, Mahananda, Subarnarekha, Teesta, Torsa