• It was in the notable work of Kalidasa in Raghuvansham, that mentioned " Rivers are like mother for the country and mountains like the father ".
• Ganga is the largest river of India. Almost 8 percent of world population lives in the banks of river Ganga. The central government declared Ganga as National river in 2008, November.
• The rivers Bhagirathi and Alaknanda merges in Devaprayag of Uttarakhand to form the River Ganga. It was in Allahabad of Uttar Pradesh, Triveni Sangam occurs. Here in this Triveni Sangam, Ganga and Yamuna merges. Also it is believed that the river Saraswathy also merges with ganga and yamuna in the underground of Triveni Sangamam.
• The biggest tributary of Ganga River is Yamuna. The river yamuna is mentioned in the holy book of Hindu as 'Kalindi".
• Brahmaputra is early known in the name of Lauhitya. Brahmaputra is called as "Tsangpo" in Tibet and Dihing in Arunachal Pradesh. River Ganga flowing through Bangladesh is called as "Padma" whereas the river brahmaputra flowing through Bangladesh is called as Jamuna.
• The biggest river that flowing towards the western part of India is River Narmada. It origins from Amarkantak hills of Madhya Pradesh.
• Godavari is called as Vridh Ganga, which is also the biggest river in South India. It is believed that Godavari is older than Ganga.
• The Krishna River origins from the mahabaleshwar of Maharashtra is the second largest river of South India. Tungabhadra is the subriver of Krishna. Cauvery is called as "Dakshin Ganga". It falls into Bay of Bengal in Poompuhar of Tamil Nadu.
• The river "Damodhar" is called as the "Sad of Bengal".
• Kosi River is called as Sad of Bihar.
• Mahanadi is called as the Sad of Orissa and the river Brahmaputra is called as the sad of Assam.
• Teesta is the river that has the highest speed of flow among all other rivers. Teesta River is also called as lifeline of Sikkim.
• Mandodari river is called as the lifeline of Goa. Panaji of Goa is located on the banks of river Mandodari.
• Mahakali otherwise called as Sharda is the River that flows through the boundaries of both India and Nepal.
• Bhramaputra is called as the Red river of India. The Luni river is flowing through the desert of India.
• Ahmedabad and Gandhi Nagar are the cities located on the banks of river, Sabarmati. Netravati River origins at Gangamoola (Karnataka) is flowing through Mangalapuram.
• Mithi River also called as Mahim River in Salsette Island of Mumbai. Adyar and Koovam are the rivers flowing through Chennai.
• Ayodhya city is located on the banks of Sarayu river. Kolkata is located on the banks of river hooghly whereas Cuttack is located on the banks of river, Mahanadi. Delhi and Agra is located on the banks of Yamuna.
• Hyderabad is located on the banks of Musi River. Nashik on Godavari, Sreenagar on Jhelum, Surat on Tapti River and Lucknow on Gomati banks.
• The Jhelum river is flowing through the woolar lake of Kashmir. Sardar Sarovar Dam is built across Narmada whereas Tehri Dam across Bhagirathi River.
• The Shipra river, also called as Kshipra is flowing through Ujjain City.
• The biggest waterfalls of India is Jog Falls, which is located on the Sharavathi river that originates and flows entirely within Karnataka.
• The National River of Pakistan is Sindhu.
• It was from the niranjana river, flowing through Bodh Gaya, buddha attained peace and nirvana.
01. Agra - Yamuna
02. Ahmedabad - Sabarmati
03. Ayodhya - Sarayu
04. Badrinath - Alakananda
05. Calcutta - Hooghly
06. Cuttack - Mahanadhi
07. Delhi - Yamuna
08. Ferozpur - Sutlej
09. Guwahati - Brahmaputra
10. Haridwar - Ganga
11. Hyderabad - Musi
12. Jabalpur - Narmada
13. Kanpur - Ganga
14. Kota - Chambal
15. Lucknow - Gomati
16. Ludhiyana - Sutlej
17. Nashik - Godavari
18. Patna - Ganga
19. Sambalpur - Mahanadhi
20. Sri Nagar - Jhelum
21. Tiruchirapalli - Cauvery
22. Varanasi - Ganga
23. Vijayawada - Krishna
1. Indus River System
2. Brahmaputra River System
3. Ganga River System
4. Narmada River System
5. Tapti River System
6. Godavari River System
7. Krishna River System
8. Cauvery River System
9. Mahanadi River System
Gautami Godavari, Godavari, Krishna River, Palar, Pennar, Tungabhadra
Subansiri, Lohit/ Tellu R, Dihang/Siang, Kameng
Subansiri, Lohit/ Tellu R, Dihang/Siang, Kopili, Dhaleswari, Barak, Dhaleswari, Kameng, Brahmaputra, Kameng
Ghaghara, Ganga, Ajay N, Burhi Gandak, Mahanandi, Kosi, Gandak, Son River
Mahanadi, Godavari, Indravati, Hasdeo, Son River
Sahibi River, Yamuna
Yamuna, Sahibi River
Yamuna, Ghaggar, Sahibi River
Yamuna, Ghaggar, Beas, Satluj, Chenab
Jammu and Kashmir
Damodar, Baitarani, Ganga, Barakar, Ajay N, Son River, Southkoel, Subarnarekha
Krishna River, Cauvery, Pennar, Netravati, Kalinadi, Manjra, Palar, Sharavati, Bhima River, Tungabhadra
Bharathapuzha, Kallada, Kalpathi Puzha, Koraiyar R, Mannuaur R, Periyar, Ponnan R, Pulantod, Varattar
Betwa River, Chambal River, Dhasan River, Ken River, Mahi, Narmada, Parbati River, Son River, Tapi, Tons, Wainganga, Wardha
Amba, Ambika, Bhima River, Girna, Godavari, Indravati, Krishna River, Manjra, Narmada, Pranhitha, Purna, Tapi, Wainganga, Wardha
Baitarani, Brahmani, Indravati, Mahanadi, Southkoel, Subarnarekha
Gautami Godavari, Ponnaiyar
Beas, Ghaggar, Satluj
Banas, Banas River, Chambal River, Luni River, Mahi, Parbati River, Sabarmati, Sahibi River
Cauvery, Palar, Ponnaiyar, Vaigai, Varattar
Bhima River, Godavari, Krishna River, Manjra, Pranhitha, Tungabhadra, Wainganga, Wardha
Betwa River, Chambal River, Dhasan River, Gandak, Ganga, Ghaghara, Gomti, Ken River, Ramganga, Son River, Tons, Yamuna
Ganga, Ramganga, Yamuna
Ajay N, Barakar, Bhagirathi, Bhairab R, Damodar, Ganga, Ganga or Padma, Hooghly River, Jalangi N, Jaldhaka, Mahananda, Subarnarekha, Teesta, Torsa