Official Language – Telugu (Official), Urdu, Hindi, Banjara
Famous Festivals – Sankaranti, Ugadi, Maha Shivaratri, Dusherra, Christmas, Id-Ul-Fitr
Neighbouring States - Karnataka, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Odisha
No: ofRajya Sabha Constituencies – 11
No: ofLok Sabha Constituencies – 25
No: ofLegislative Assembly Constituencies – 175
Literacy Rate – 67.41%
Important Facts of Andhra Pradesh
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru often used to compare the merger of Andhra and Telangana to a marriage with separation agreement. He made the statement on November 1st 1956.
Hyderabad is the biggest princely state when India got independence.
In 1947, a private military force called Razakars was organized by Nizams for resisting the merging of Hyderabad State into the Indian Union. As a result, the villagers of Telangana area resisted and lost life of one hundred fellows from the bullets of Razakars. Pakistan is the country who supported Nizams secretly for the formation of Razakars.
Indian armed forces ended the rule of the Nizam of Hyderabad in 1948. The name of the operation is ‘Operation Polo’. It led to the integration of the princely state of Hyderabad into the Indian Union.
Andhra is the first state that came into existence based on language.
The Telugu-speaking area of Andhra State came into existence in 1st October 1953, with Kurnool as its capital.
In 1956, Andhra Pradesh state was formed with 9 districts of Hyderabad.
Andhra Pradesh is the most tobacco producing state in India.
It is also the most hydroelectric power generating state in India.
It is also the first south Indian state to introduce Panchayati Raj System.
The Employment Guarantee Scheme was first started in Bandlapalli village in 2nd February 2006.
The Space Harbour of India is Sriharikota. Sriharikota is located near the Pulicat Lake.
The first rubber dam of India is located in Andhra Pradesh which is constructed across Janjavathi River.
Golconda and Agnigundala are the major mines in Andhra Pradesh.
The Belum Caves of Andhra Pradesh is the longest cave system in Indian Subcontinent.
Godavari is the lengthiest river of the state. It is also known in the name of ‘Vridha Ganga’.
Visakhapatnam is the deepest harbour.
Vizag (commercial city) is popularly called as ‘The Jewel of East Coast’.
Ramagundam Thermal Power Plant is located.
Chenchu Tribe and Reddy people is living in this state.
National Tobacco Research Institute is located in Rajahmundry.
The only south Indian state which contributes prime minister and president for India is Andhra Pradesh.
Yanam is the only portuguese colony from the state.
The city of the state, where the longitude, 82.2475° passes through is Kakinada.
The first chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, after the formation of Telangana is N Chandrababu Naidu.
The major political parties of Andhra Pradesh are Telugu Desam Party (N.T. Rama Rao), Praja Rajyam Party (Chiranjeevi).
The major agricultural crop of the state is Paddy.
The major Art form of the state is Kuchipudi (Kuchipudi village of Krishna District).
Proddatur is a city in Kadapa District that is also called as “Second Bombay”.