The inventors of Cinema are Lumiere Brothers. First Cinema shown in India was arranged by Louis Lumiere, August Lumiere (The Lumiere brothers). The film were exhibited at Watson Hotel, Mumbai (1896 July 7).
The first cinema advertisement appeared in the newspaper, Times of India.
Dada Saheb Phalke is considered as the father of Indian Cinema.
India's first indigenous feature film is Raja Harichandra (1913).The producer of Raja Harichandra is Dada Saheb Phalke.
The most celebrated award in the Indian film world is Dada Saheb Phalke Award. Phalke award was instituted by the Government of India for lifelong contributions to Indian Cinema. Phalke award was instituted in 1969. The first winner of the Dada Saheb Phalke Award is Devika Rani Roerich (1969). The First (only) malayalee winner of Dadasaheb Phalke Award is Adoor Gopalakrishnan (2004).
The Lady of Indian Film is Devika Rani Roerich (1969).
First film in India is Pundalik (1912).
India's first talkies film is Alam Ara (1931). The director of Alam Ara is Ardeshir Irani.
India's first cinemascope film is Kagaz ke Phool (1959 by Guru Dutt).
India's first made 70 mm film is ‘Around the World’ (in Hindi language, 1967 by Raj Kapoor).
First indigenous 70mm film in India is Sholay.
The name of the award given to the best film of the year by the Government of India is Swarna Kamal (Golden Kamal).
The first Sanskrit film in India is Adi Shankara (directed by G.V. Iyer).
The first actress of the Indian Cinema to win a Padmashri Award is Nargis Dutt (1958).
The first Indian to win the Chevalier Award instituted by the French Government is Sivaji Ganesan.
The first film star to become the Chief Minister of an Indian State is M.G. Ramachandran (Tamil Nadu).
First 3D cinema in India is My Dear Kuttichathan (Malayalam).
First colour film in India is Sairandhri (1931).
First indigenous colour film in India is Kisan Kanya (1937).
First film in South India is Keechakavadam (1919, Director : R. Nataraja Mudaliar).
First super hit film in India is Lankadahan.
The Indian film that has most number of songs is Indrasabha.
The longest running Indian Cinema is Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge.
First Indian film in which women acted is Mohini Bhasmasur.
First English film in India is Court Dancer.
First internet film in India is Vivah.
The film `Slumdog Millionaire' was based on the novel , Q & A. Q & A was written by Vikas Swarup. Slumdog Millionaire was directed by Danny Boyle. The Music of Slumdog Millionaire was composed by A.R. Rahman.
Largest film city in India (also in Asia) is Ramoji Film City (Hyderabad).
State having the maximum number of theatres is Tamil Nadu.
The venue of first international film festival of India is Mumbai.
The first International Film Festival of India was held in 1952.
Venue of International film festival held every year is Goa.
First lady of Indian film is Nargis Dutt.
First film star to be nominated in the Rajya Sabha is Prithviraj Kapoor.
First film actress to be nominated in the Rajya sabha is Nargis Dutt.
First Indian actress to become the jury of the Cannes International film festival is Aiswarya Rai.
The substance and the shadow is the biography of Dilip kumar (written by Udaya Tara Nayar).
The controversial Punjabi film barred from release in India on August 2014 based on the life of assassinators of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is Kaum De Heere.
Director of the film Kaum De Heere is Ravinder Ravi (Producer - Satish Katyal).
The first Indian film to get oscar nomination for best foreign language film is Mother India (Hindi, Directed by Mehboob Khan in 1958)
First Malayalam film for Oscar nomination is Guru (Directed by Rajiv Anchal).
The India film nominated for the 87th Oscar Award in 2014 is Liar's Dice (Hindi, directed by Geetu Mohandas)
The Indian nominated for 85th Oscar Award in 2013 for Best Original song for the film Life of Pi is Bombay Jayashri.
The two film institutes that were given the status of Institute of national importance in Union Budget 2014-15 is Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) Pune, and Satyajit Ray FTII, Kolkata.
Film Institute of India, Pune was setup by the Government of India in 1960. With the emergence of Television wing in 1974, the Institute was renamed as Film and Television Institute of India. The Institute became a society in October 1974. The Institute consists of two wings, namely Film wing and TV wing. It offers courses in both Film and Television.
Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC) established on 17th August 1963.
The Films Division of India (FDI) was constituted in January 1948 by rechristening the erstwhile Information Films of India. The Headquarters of Film Division is Mumbai . Films Division are famous for producing documentaries, animation movies, short films, and news magazines.
The Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) was established under the Cinematograph Act 1952. CBFC certifies films for public exhibition in India. The Headquarters of CBFC is at Mumbai. CBFC has nine regional offices in Bangalore, Kolkata, Chennai, Cuttack, Guwahati, Hyderbad, Mumbai, New Delhi and Thiruvananthapuram.
The National Film Development Corporation Limited was established in 1975. The Corporate headquarters of NFDC is at Worli in Mumbai. The Regional Offices of NFDC are located at Chennai, Kolkata and Delhi. Branch Office of NFDC in Kerala is Thiruvananthapuram.
The Directorate of Film Festivals was established below the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in 1973 with an ultimate aim of promoting good quality cinema. The Head quarters of Directorate of film festival is at New Delhi.
The National Film Archive of India was set up as an independent media unit that came under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in February 1964. The Headquarters of National Film Archive is Pune.
Children's Film Society of India was set up in 1955 to present class entertainment to children through the means of films. CFSI is busy in production, purchase, distribution, exhibition and marketing of children's films. The Head office of the Children's Film Society of India is located in Mumbai with branch offices at New Delhi and Chennai. CFSI has its own international Children's Film Festival conducting once on every two years.
First National Awardees
First winner of Best Actor : Uttam Kumar
First Malayalee Actor to get National Award for Best Actor : P.J. Antony
The Malayalee actor to get National Award for best actor for most number of times : Mamootty.
The actors who got National Award for Best Actor for most number of times : Kamal Hassan, Amitabh Bachchan, Mamootty (3times).
First winner of National Award for Best Actress: Nargis Dutt.
First Malayalee Actress to get National Award for Best Actress : Monisha
First National Award for Best Actress in Malayalam is Sharada.
The Actress to get National Award for Best Actress for most number of times : Shabana Azmi (5 times)
First woman to get National Award for Best Direction : Aparna Sen
The film Gandhi was directed by : Richard Attenborough (died in 24 August 2014)
Autobiography of Richard Attenborough : Entirely Up to You, Darling
The role of Gandhi in the movie was played by Ben Kingsley.
Real name of Ben Kingsley : Krishna Bhanji
The English Film Gandhi was released in 1982 and nominated for Academy Awards in eleven categories and winning eight.
Richard Attenborough won Academy award for Best Director, Ben Kingsley for Best Actor.
Bhanu Athaiya (first Indian Oscar winner) won Academy award for Best Costume Design.
The role of Kasturba Gandhi in the movie was played by Rohini Hattangadi.
Roshan Seth as Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Saeed Jaffrey as Patel
The Indian who composed the music of Gandhi Cinema : Ravi Sankar
He is the only Indian to get Honorary Oscar for lifetime achievement.
He is the first Indian to get honorary doctorate by Oxford University.
First film directed by Satyajit Ray is Pather Panchali.
The last film by Satyajit Ray is Agantuk (based on the short story Atithi by Satyajit Ray).
The Bengali films know as the Apu Trilogy directed by Satyajit Ray are Pather Panchali (1955), Aparajito (1956) and Apur Sansar (1959).
Pather Panchali, Aparajito are based on the Bengali novels written by Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay.
The music for Apu Trilogy was composed by Ravi Shankar.
The book written by Satyajit Ray is Our films their films.
Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute (SRF-TI) are situated in Kolkata.
FAMOUS FILMS AND DIRECTORS
Making of Mahatma - Shyam Benegal
Sholay - Ramesh Sippy
Picnic, Mr & Mrs Iyer - Aparna Sen
Fire, Water, Earth - Deepa Mehta
Salaam Bombay, The Monsoon Wedding, Mississippi Masala, The Namesake, Vanity Fair – Mira Nair