Facts about Kerala Legislative Assembly
First Legislative Assembly
- The first Kerala Legislative Assembly was formed on 5th April 1957.
- The state legislature consisted of 126 members plus a nominated Anglo Indian.
- The first ministry was set up in 1st November 1956. On 16th March 1957, 128 members took the charge in the legislative assembly.
- The first general elections to the Kerala state Legislature were held in February and March 1957.
- First elected government of Unified Kerala is Communist Government headed by Chief Minister, EMS Namboothiripad.
- It was the first time a communist government was democratically elected to power through Ballot.
- Some independent parties supported CPI and thereby they got 65 of the 126 seats.
- The protest named, "Vimochana Samaram" was happened on June 12, 1959 which was led by Mannathu Padmanabhan to put an end to the Communist Ministry.
- On 31st July 1959, the EMS Ministry was dismissed. State came under the Presidential rule under the Article 356, for the first time began on 31st July 1959.
Second Legislative Assembly
- Interim election was conducted in February 1960.
- On 9th February the second Legislative Assembly of Kerala was set up.
- A coalition ministry under the leadership of Congress and PSP came in to power.
- The ministry was in power for 31 months. With the appointment of Pattom Thanu pillai as the governor of Punjab, the ministry resigned.
Third Legislative Assembly
- CPI M front had 116 members in an Assembly which had a total strength of 133 members. On 6th March 1967, E.M.S. Namboothiripad ministry came in to power.
- D. Damodaran Potti of Indian Socialist Party was elected as the speaker.
- On 24th October 1969, E.M.S. submitted his resignation.
Fourth Legislative Assembly
- On 4th October 1970, fourth assembly came into existence.
- Achutha Menon became the Chief Minister of Kerala in 1970 and served the position till 25th of March 1977.
Fifth Legislative Assembly
- It was formed on 22nd March 1977 under the leadership of K. Karunakaran.
- K. Karunakaran resigned the Chief Ministership following a court verdict in connection with the ‘Rajan Case’.
- On 27th April A.K. Antony formed a coalition ministry. Antony resigned in October 1978.
- P.K. Vasudevan Nair, leader of communist party of India formed the coalition ministry on 7th October 1979.
- C.H. Muhammed Koya formed another ministry which lasted only a few weeks.
- On November 13th the Governor dissolved the assembly.
Sixth Legislative Assembly
- Left Democratic Front under CPI (M) got 93 assembly seats in the Election.
- On 25th January 1980, a 17 member ministry took up under the leadership of E.K. Nayanar.
- After twenty two months Nayanar submitted his resignation following the withdrawal of Kerala Congress.
- A new ministry under the leadership of K. Karunakaran came into power on 28th December 1981.
- On 17th March 1982, the sixth Assembly was provoked and it leads to the forced presidential rule in the state.
Seventh Legislative Assembly
- Legislative Assembly Election in May 19. K Karunakaran again becomes Chief Minister in May 24.
- On 19th May 1982, A ministry under K. Karunakaran (UDF) was sworn in on 24th May.
Eighth Legislative Assembly
- Left Democratic Front came to power in March 1987.
- EK Nayanar became the chief minister of Kerala in March 26 upon the 8th general election held in March 23.
Ninth Legislative Assembly
- United Democratic Front under the leadership of K. Karunakaran came back to power (12th June 1991).
- In 1995 A.K. Antony resigned from the cabinet of central government and took the charge of Chief Minister replacing K. Karunakaran.
- Karunakaran subsequently elected to the Rajyasabha on his resignation of the membership of the assembly.
Tenth Legislative Assembly
- LDF won in Legislative Assembly Election. EK Nayanar became chief minister in May 20.
- E.K. Nayanar ministry (1996-2001) came to power.
11th Legislative Assembly
- A.K. Antony became the Chief Minister (May 2001).
- A.K Antony resigned on 2004 and Oommen Chandy sworn in as the Chief Minister.
12th Legislative Assembly
- V.S. Achuthanandan became Chief Minister (13-5-2006)
- Oommen Chandy - Opposition Leader
13th Legislative Assembly
- Oommen Chandy - Chief Minister (2011 - 2016).
- V.S. Achuthanandan - Opposition Leader
14th Legislative Assembly
- Pinarayi Vijayan, CPI(M) (LDF) - Chief Minister (2016 - )
- Ramesh Chennithala, INC (UDF) - Opposition Leader
PRESIDENT RULE IN KERALA
- March 23, 1956 – April 04, 1957
- August 31, 1956 – February 22. 1960
- September 10, 1964 – March 06, 1967
- August 04, 1970 – October 03, 1970
- December 05, 1979 – January 25, 1980
- October 21, 1981 – December 27, 1981
- March 17, 1982 – May 23, 1982
CHIEF MINISTERS OF KERALA
- E.M.S. Namboodirpad (1957-59)
- Pattom A Thanupillai (1960-62)
- R. Shankar (1962-64)
- E.M.S. Namboodirpad (1967-69)
- C. Achutha Menon (1969-70)
- C. Achutha Menon
- K. Karunakaran (1977-77)
- A.K. Antony (1977-78)
- P.K. Vasudevan Nair (1978-79)
- C.H. Mohammed Koya (1979-79)
- E.K. Nayanar (1980-81)
- Karunakaran (1981-82)
- K. Karunakaran (1982-87)
- E.K. Nayanar (1987-91)
- K. Karunakaran (1991-95)
- A.K. Antony (1995-96)
- E.K. Nayanar (1996-2001)
- A.K. Antony (2001-2004)
- Oommen Chandy (2004-2006)
- V.S. Achuthanandan ( 2006- 2011)
- Oommen Chandy (2011 - 2016)
- Pinarayi Vijayan (2016 - )
First Ministry of Kerala (1957)
- Chief Minister - E.M.S. Namboothiripad
- Minister for Finance - C. Achutha Menon
- Minister for Transport - T.V. Thomas
- Minister for Food, Forest - K.C. George
- Minister for Industry - K.P. Gopalan
- Minister for P.W.D - T.A. Majeed
- Minister for Local Self Government - Minister for P.K.Chathan
- Minister for Education, Co-operation - Joseph Mundassery
- Minister for Land Tax, Excise - K.R. Gauri
- Minister for Law, Electricity - V.R. Krishna Iyer
- Minister for Health - Dr. A.R. Menon
COUNCIL OF MINISTERS (2011 - 2016)
- Chief Minister - Oommen Chandy
- Minister for Industries, Information Technology and Urban Affairs - P. K. Kunhalikutty
- Minister for Finance Law and Housing - K. M. Mani
- Minister for Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Printing & Stationery - K. P. Mohanan
- Minister for Food, Civil Supplies and Registration - Anoop Jacob
- Minister for Forest, Sports and Cinema - K. B. Ganesh Kumar
- Minister for Labour & Rehabilitation - Shibu Baby John
- Minister for Power & Transport, Railway, Postal & Telegraph - Aryadan Muhammed
- Minister for Home and Vigilance – Thiruvanchoor Radhakrishnan
- Minister for Revenue, Coir – Adoor Prakash
- Minister for Rural Development, Planning and Culture – K.C. Joseph
- Minister for Welfare of SC & Backward Classes and Tourism – A.P. Anil Kumar
- Minister for Co-operation – C.N. Balakrishnan
- Minister for Excise and Ports, Fisheries – K. Babu
- Minister for Health, Devaswom – V. S. Sivakumar
- Minister for Welfare of ST , Youth Affairs, Museum & Zoos – P.K. Jayalakshmi
- Minister for Works - V.K. Ebrahimkunju
- Minister for Education - P. K Abdu Rabb
- Minister for Panchayat, Social Welfare - M.K. Muneer
- Minister for Water Resources - P.J. Joseph
- Minister for Urban Affairs and Welfare - Manjalamkuzhi Ali
PRESENT COUNCIL OF MINISTERS (2016 - 2021)
- Chief Minister - Pinarayi Vijayan
- Minister for Industries, Sports and Youth Affairs – EP Jayarajan
- Minister for Transport – AK Saseendran
- Minister for Finance, Coir – TM Thomas Isaac
- Minister for Public Works & Registration – G Sudhakaran
- Minister for Power – MM Mani
- Minister for Agriculture – VS Sunil Kumar
- Minister for Revenue, Housing – E. Chandrasekharan
- Minister for Food & Civil Supplies – P. Thilothaman
- Minister for Welfare of SC & Backward Classes and Law, Culture, Parliamentary Affairs – AK Balan
- Minister for Co-operation, Tourism, Devaswom – Kadakampally Surendran
- Minister for Cashew Industry, Fisheries – J. Mercykutty Amma
- Minister for Health, Social Justice – KK Shailaja Teacher
- Minister for Forest, Animal Husbandry & Zoos – K. Raju
- Minister for Local Self Government – AC Moideen
- Minister for Higher Education and Welfare of Minority – K. T. Jaleel
- Minister for General Education - C. Raveendranath
- Minister for Labour & Excise – TP. Ramachandran
- Minister for Water Resources - K.Krishnankutty
- Minister for Ports, Museums, Archaeology - Ramachandran Kadannappally