The Political parties in India are recognized by Electoral Commission of India.
Dravidar Kazhagam is the first fully established Dravida political party of India. EV. Ramasamy Naicker , who was nicknamed as “Periyar” is the founder of Dravidar Kazhagam.
CN.Annadurai is the founder of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) was founded by MG.Ramachandran in 1972.
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) was founded by Vaiko in Tamil Nadu. Dr N. Ramadoss is the founder of Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK). Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam (DMDK) was founded by tamil actor Vijayakanth.
In Kerala, renowned writer Kamala Surayya (Madhavi Kutty) founded the Lok Seva Party. ”Kerala People’s Party” is founded by film actor Devan. Rashtriya Mahasabha is the political party founded by tribal (Adivasi) leader, CK Janu.
It was in 1980, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was founded. “Siva Sena” is founded by Bal Thackeray in 1966, June 19. MT. Ram Rao is the founder of Telugu Desam Party.
“Forward Bloc” is the party founded by Netaji Subash Chandra Bose in 1939, May 3.
Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) is founded in 1999, May 25 by Sharad Pawar , PA. Sangma and Tariq Anwar.
Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) is the party of Lalu Prasad Yadav.
Mulayam Singh Yadav founded the Samajvadi Party (SP) in 1992. Lok Janashakti Party (LJSP) is the party of Ram Vilas Paswan.
It was in 1964, the division in communist party of India (CPI) occurred. It was in 1940, Revolutionary Socialist Party of India (RSP) is formed.
KM.George is the founder of Kerala Congress and it was formed in 1964 October 9.
Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithy (JSS) is the party formed under the leadership of KR.Gouri Amma.
Inorder to get acceptance as a National Party, at least the party should get six percent of total votes from four states in general election. Also the party should get at least four lok sabha seats. Otherwise the party should win two percent of whole seats in lok sabha (11 seats) from three states.
Presently there are six National parties in India. They are Congress (I), BJP, CPM, CPI, NCP, BSP.
A party would become “State Party”, if that party got not less than six percent votes in general election of a state.
Also, if a party got three percent of whole seats in legislative assembly or three assembly seats (which one is greater), that party would become “State Party”.
Praja Rajyam Party is the party founded by super star of telugu cinema, Chiranjeevi in Andhra (2008).
The only “State Party” which became the main opposition in lok sabha is Telugu Desam Party (1984 - 89).
National Parties of India
All India Trinamool Congress (AITC)
Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
Communist Party of India (CPI)
Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M))
Indian National Congress (INC)
Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)
National People's Party (NPP)
Aam Aadmi Party
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
All India Forward Bloc
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen
All India N.R. Congress
All India United Democratic Front
Asom Gana Parishad
Biju Janata Dal
Bodoland People's Front
Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Goa Forward Party
Hill State People's Democratic Party
Indian National Lok Dal
Indian Union Muslim League
Indigenous People's Front of Tripura
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
Jana Sena Party
Janta Congress Chhattisgarh
Janata Dal (Secular)
Janata Dal (United)
Jannayak Janta Party
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
Kerala Congress (M)
Lok Janshakti Party
Maharashtra Navnirman Sena
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party
Mizo National Front
Mizoram People's Conference
Naga People's Front
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party
Pattali Makkal Katchi
People's Democratic Alliance
People's Democratic Front
People's Party of Arunachal
Rashtriya Janata Dal
Rashtriya Lok Dal
Rashtriya Lok Samta Party
Rashtriya Loktantrik Party
Revolutionary Socialist Party
Shiromani Akali Dal
Sikkim Democratic Front
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha
Telangana Rashtra Samithi
Telugu Desam Party
United Democratic Party
YSR Congress Party
Zoram Nationalist Party
Opposition Leaders of India:
The opposition leaders of Parliament have the rank as same as that of central cabinet ministers.
A political party would become a recognized opposition party in lok sabha only if they get one by tenth seat from total seats in Lok Sabha.
The persons who became both opposition leader and prime minister of India were Rajiv Gandhi, AB Vajpayee and PV Narasimha Rao.
The first recognized opposition leader of lok sabha, Dr Ram Subhag Singh is the member of Indian National Congress. He became opposition leader in 1969.
SN.Misra is the first recognized opposition leader of Rajya Sabha (1969 – 1971).
AK.Gopalan is the opposition leader of first lok sabha assembly. At that time, the opposition leader was not official.
SM Stephen (1978 April 12 – 1979 July) is the first malayali to become opposition leader of lok sabha.
YB Chawan (Congress) became opposition leader for two times in sixth lok sabha assembly.
Jag Jeevan Ram is also the opposition leader of sixth lok sabha assembly. He is leader of Janata Party.
AB.Vajpayee is the leader of BJP for 10th and 11th lok sabha Assembly. Thereby became the opposition leader for both assemblies.
PV.Narasimha Rao is the opposition leader from congress in 11th lok sabha assembly.
Sarath Pawar (congress) is the opposition leader of 12th lok sabha assembly.
Sardar Vallabhai Patel is the first vice prime minister of India. The position of vice prime minister not belongs to constitution.
Estimate committee is the biggest committee of parliament.
The motion of no confidence against central ministry should only be presented in lok sabha.
The member strength of lok sabha should continue as same as now till 2026.
State Assembly must have no less than 60 and no more than 500 members. The legislative assembly of Sikkim, Goa and Mizoram is less than 60.
The maximum member strength of legislative assembly of an Indian state is 500.
The final decision for cases related to election of Indian president and vice president should be taken by Supreme Court.