The Indian road network is the second largest road network in the world after United States. The total length of roads in India was around 4,320,000 kilometers.
National Highway authority of India (NHAI) was set up in 1988. NHAI is an autonomous body entrusted with the responsibility of development, maintenance and operation of National Highway.
World's Tallest Road - Manali - Leh (Himachal Pradesh - Kashmir Road). Its Average Height is 4270 Metre.
India's longest road is G.T. Road (Grand Trunk Road). G.T. Road was built by Shershah Suri. Now it runs from Kolkata to Amritsar. The first National Highway in India is G.T. Road. The highway known as 'Long walk' is G.T. Road.
The longest national highway is NH 44 (NH-7). It has 2369 km. NH 44 connects Varanasi & Kanyakumari
The shortest national highway is NH 966B (NH47A). NH 966B links Willingdon Island with Kundannoor (6 km)
The second longest National highway is NH6 (1949 km long). It connects Hajira and Kolkata.
NH-1 connects Delhi with Attari in Punjab.
National Highway 17 (NH66) was declared a Highway in 1972. It links Panvel in Maharashtra with Edapally in Kochi.
National Highway 223 or Great Andaman Trunk Road, connects Port Blair and Mayabunder in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It covers a distance of 300 km.
The first National Highway in Kerala is NH544 (NH47)
National Highway 8 has a length of 1428 km. It connects Delhi to Mumbai. NH8 is the first project to got complete of the Golden Quadrilateral project.
A Project to upgrade, rehabilitate and widen major highways in India to a higher standard is National Highway Development Project. The project was implemented in 1988. The project is managed by National Highway Authority of India.
The North South East West Corridor is the largest ongoing highway project in India. North-South Corridor connects Srinager to Kanyayakumari. East - West Corridor connects Porbandar (Gujarat) to Silchar (Assam). North South and East West Super Highways meet at Jhansi in Madhya Pradesh.
The scheme which Government has planned to link major metropolitan cities with super highways is Golden Quadrilateral. The cities linked by Golden Quadrilateral are Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata and Chennai.
An express way is a six or eight lane controlled access highest class of road in the Indian Road Network. Expressway controls entrances to it and exits from it. Two wheeler vehicles are forbidden on the road.
Few Expressways in India are Ahmedabad - Vadodra Expressway in Gujarat (95kms), Mumbai - Pune Expressway in Maharashtra (93kms), Jaipur Kishangarh Expressway in Rajasthan (901(ms), Delhi - Gurgaon Expressway (28kms).
First four lane Expressway in India is Ahmedabad - Vadodara (National Express Way)
First six lane expressway in India is Mumbai - Pune Expressway
Rural development scheme that aims to connect all habitation with 500 plus population through roads - Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY). PMGSY was launched in December 2000 as 100 percent centrally sponsored scheme.
PMBJP is Pradhan Mantri Bharat Jodo Pariyojana. PMBJP will cover the entire nation, particularly state capitals and trading centres, in a comprehensive way with four-lane highways. It converts 10,000 km of high density roads into four lane routes. The project was started on January 14, 2004.
Central Road Fund : The Central Government has started a fund called Central Road Fund for collection of cess on petrol and high speed diesel oil. Presently 2 rupees per litre is collected as cess on petrol and high speed diesel oil. The fund is dispersed for growth and safeguarding of National Highways, state roads, urban roads, rural roads and over bridges, under bridges etc.
The central Road Research Institute is in New Delhi.
The only research and development institution in India that works on multi - modal system of transportation is NATPAC. NATPAC is National Transportation Planning and Research Centre. NATPAC was established in 1976.
The organization that maintains roads in the borders areas of India is Border Roads Organisation (BRO). BRO was set up in May 1960. Its headquarters in New Delhi.
The State having largest road network in India is Maharashtra.
The state having largest number of national highways in India is Uttar Pradesh.
The state having least number of national highways is Sikkim (one).
The state having longest national highway in South India is Andra Pradesh (35 National Highways).
The district in Kerala having most number of national highway is Ernakulam.
The district in Kerala having least number of national highway is Wayanad.
State having maximum length of NH Road is Uttar Pradesh.
State having least length of National Highway road is Sikkim
The highway known as King's way is Rajpath.
The annual Republic Day Parade takes place on Jan 26 in Rajpath.
The highway originally known as Queen's way is Janpath.
Janpath road was designed by Edwin Lutyens.
The C-shaped six lane concrete road along the coast which links Nariman point to Babulnath Road and Malabar Hill is Marine Drive.
The official name of Marine Drive is Netaji Subash Chandra Bose Road.
The road known as 'Queen's Necklace' is Netaji Subash Chandra Bose Road.