FACTS ABOUT TRANSPORT SECTOR IN KERALA
Facts about Road Transport in Kerala
- District of highest number of registered vehicle is Ernakulam and District of Least number is Wayanad.
- State Transport Department started during the period of Srichithira thirunal balarama Varma in 1938.
- First Volvo Low Floor Bus was started in 2009.
- M.C. Road is Main Central Road. It connects Trivandrum to Angamaly. It has a total length of 240 km.
- Total length of National Highways in Kerala is 1542 km.
- Highest number of PWD Roads is in Ernakulam district and Least in Wayanad.
- PWD was started in 1860.
- Kerala-Tamilnadu inter state bus route nationalised in 1974.
- First Motor Vehicle registered in Travancore is 1912.
- Kollam-Chengotta Road built by Veluthampi Dalawa.
- Longest National Highway is NH 17. The New name is NH 66.
- Shortest National Highway is NH 47 A. The New name: NH 966 B.
- First National Highway is NH 47. The New name is NH 544.
- Kerala Highway Research constituted under the Public Works Department. Its Headquarters is at Trivandrum.
- First Rubberized road is Kottayam-Kumili Road (K.K. Road).
- Natpac: National Transportation Planning and Research Centre. It is established in 1976. Its Headquarters is at Trivandrum.
New name of National Highway in Kerala
- NH 66 is Panavel - Kanyakumari
- NH 544 is Salem - Ernakulam
- NH 744 is Thirumangalam - Kollam
- NH 966 is Faruq - Palakkad NH 966 B is Kundannur - Vellington Island
- NH 85 is Kochi - Thodi point
- NH 966 B is Kalamassery-Vallarpadam
- NH 766 is Kozhikode-Mysore
- NH 183 is Dindigal-Kottarakkara
Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC)
- Kerala State Road Transport Corporation was established in 1965 April. It began as the Travancore State Transport Department. It is constituted by the Travancore King Sree Padmanabhadasa Sree Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma.
- First Superintendent of the Transport Department is EG Salter.
- All KSRTC Buses are registered under a separate RTO at Thiruvanathapuram having registration series KL-15.
- Nationalisation of key interstate routes is Thiruvanathapuram to Kanyakumari, Palakkad to Coimbatore and Kottayam-Kumili route.
- KSRTC started an engineering college named Sree Chitra Thirunal College of Engineering at Pappanamcode on its Central Workshop premises in 1995.
- KSRTC has introduced GPRS enabled ticketing machines in the year 2013.
Facts about Railway Transport in Kerala
- First Railway Service in kerala is in 1861 March 12. It Serviced from Beypore to Tirur for 30.5 km.
- Railway Mail Service (RMS) was established in the year 1907.
- Railway track established in Travancore is in 1902.
- First Railway service in Tranvacore was started in 1904 November 26. It is Chengottah-Punalur Meter Gauge.
- Kollam -Trivandrum Railway track was established in 1913.
- First train arrived at Thiruvananthapuram Thampanoor Railway Station on 1931 November 4.
- First Railway Division is Olavakkode near Palakkad in 1956.
- Divisions in Kerala are Palakkad, TVM, Madhura.
- Thrissur- Guruvayur service was started in 1994.
- Doubling of Kayamkulam – Trivandrum is 1996.
- Length of proposed Sabari Railway Track is 44 km. It connects Kottayam to Erumeli.
- Largest Railway Division is Thiruvananthapuram.
- District in which no railway tracks in kerala are ldukki and Wayanad.
- First Electric train service in Kerala between Ernakula and Shoranur in 2000 July 23.
- First Electric Train arrived at Thiruvananthapuram in 2007.
- First Railway track in Travancore is Thirunelveli-Kollam (1904).
- First coastal railway track is Ernakulam-Alappuzha (57 km.). It was commissioned on 1989.
- Kochi Metro is the metro system for the city of Kochi. The First phase of construction was completed in 2016 and completed its entire construction within four years of beginning of construction. It was opened to the public in 17 June 2017.
Facts about Water Transport in Kerala
- Kerala Shipping and Inland Navigation were established in 1989.
- Kochi Shipping Corporation was formed in 1974.
- Major port in Kerala is Kochi.
- The International Container Transshipment Terminal (ICTT) is the largest container transshipment facility in India.
- Builder of Kochi Port is Robert Bristo (1926).
- First Ship manufactured by Cochin Shipyard is Rani Padmini (1980).
- Medium sized ports of kerala are Neendakara, Alappuzha, Kozhikode-Beypore, Ponnani.
- The Headquarters of Kerala State Water Transport is at Alappuzha. It was established in 1968.
- The centre of water transports in Kerala is Vembanattu Kayal.
- Neendakara Bridge is known as Sethu Lakshmibhai Bridge.
- Naval Acadamy is situated in Ezhimala near Kannur.
- Alappuzha port and town was established during the period of Raja Kesava Dasan.
- Important Water Canal is West Coast Canal. It is from Kottappuram to Kollam. It was declared as National Waterway III in 1993.
- One of the important water transport canal is Parvathi Puthanar built during the period of Rani Gowri Parvathi Bhai.
- Southern Navy Command headquarters is at Kochi.
- The Company for Vizhinjam port is Vizhinjam International Sea Port Ltd. (VISL)
Facts about Air Transport in Kerala
The Headquarters of Southern Air force Command is at Thiruvananthapuram.
Four Airports in Kerala are Cochin International Airport (Nedumbasseri), Calicut International Airport (Karippur), Kannur International Airport and Trivandrum International Airport.
Trivandrum International Airport
First airport in Kerala was established in 1932 as part of the Royal Flying Club under the initiative of Colonel Goda Varma Raja. On 1 January 1991, Airport was upgraded to an international airport. It was operated by Airports Authority of India. It is the eighth busiest airport in the country in international passenger traffic and 12th busiest in overall passenger traffic. The first flight took off from Trivandrum Airport on 1 November 1935. It is also the first international airport in a non-metro city in India. First Air traffic is Air Mail service of Tata Sons and Company from Mumbai to Trivandrum on Oct. 1935. Bombay-Trivandrum Service started in 1935.
Cochin International Airport
It is located at Nedumbassery. It is the busiest and largest airport in Kerala opened on 10 June 1999. Its owner is Cochin International Airport Ltd. Cochin International Airport is the first ever airport in the country which was developed under a public-private partnership (PPP) model.
Calicut International Airport
It is known as Karipur Airport and is located in Karipur (Malappuram District). The airport was given international airport status on 2 February 2006. The operator is Airports Authority of India.
Kannur International Airport
Kannur International Airport is the most recently opened airport in Kerala. It is located at Mattanur in Kannur District. The first flight from airport was launched in 9th December 2018, which is an Air India Express flight took off to Abu Dhabi.