Indian Textile Industry is one among the largest textile industries in the world.
Textile Industries includes cotton, jute, wool, silk and synthetic fibre textiles.
Cotton textiles are the oldest industry in India. It has the largest number of workers employed in an industry.
Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu are leading in cotton textile production.
Kanpur is renowned for textiles and clothing, big recent tanneries, leather workings and shoe makings.
Sholapur is well-known for textiles based on domestic cotton grown from regur soils.
The first modern cotton textile mill in the country was set up in Bombay in 1854.
Dharwar Belgaum are famous for cotton textiles, railway machineries and engineering goods.
The first modern cotton mill in the country was set up in 1818 at Ghoosury (West Bengal).
Jute and Woolen Industry in India
The first jute mill was started in 1855 at Rishra near Kolkata.
West Bengal is the largest producer of jute followed by Bihar, Assam and Odisha.
The modern woolen textile industry was started with the establishment of Lal Imli at Kanpur in 1876.
The second woolen textile mill was started in 1853 at Dhariwal.
The main wool producing, states are Rajasthan, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Andhra Pradesh, .Maharashtra and Haryana.
Punjab is the largest producer of woolen textile and Maharashtra is the 2nd largest producer.
Ludhiana manufactures 90% of entire woolens produced in the country and is considered as the Manchester of India.
Tirupur got the worldwide appreciation as the top supply of hosiery, weaved garments, casual wear and sportswear.
Silk Industry in India
First modern silk factory was established in the country at Howrah in 1832.
India is the second largest producer of national silk after China.
Karnataka is the largest producer of silk.
Assam is the largest producer of muga silk in the country.
India is the third largest producer of cellulosic fibre and fifth largest producer of synthetic fibre in the world.
First mill (Travancore Rayons Ltd.) was opened at Rayapuram in Kerala in 1950.
Sugar Industry in India
Sugar Industry is now the second most agro-based industry in the country after cotton textile industry.
India is the leading sugar producing country in the world with more than 15% share among the global output.
India is world's largest producer of sugarcane and sugar as well.
Maharashtra is the largest sugar producer followed by Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
Iron and Steel Industry in India
’Bengal Iron Company' is the first steel company established in the country. It was started in 1870 at Kulti, West Bengal.
Three built-in steel plants were introduced at Bhilai, Durgapur and Rourkela. After that, two more steel plants were established at Bokaro and Vishakhapatnam.
Tata Iron and Steel Company Jamshedpur is the biggest private sector plants.
India is currently the eighth biggest manufacturer of steel in the world.
The first on-shore steel plant in the country was established at Vishakhapatnam.
There are four zinc smelters in the country - Alwaye (Kerala), Debari and Chanderi (Rajasthan) and Vishakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh).
The first lead smelting plant was setup at Tundoo near Dhanbad.
Heavy Equipment Industry in India
The country is the leading exporter of heavy and light engineering goods among third world nations.
Heavy Engineering corporation Ltd was set up at Ranchi (Jharkhand) in 1958.
Kirloskar Brother Ltd is the pioneer company in the manufacturing of machine tools.
Hindustan Machine Tools (HMT) is the largest manufacturer of machine tools in the country.
Locomotives: Chittaranjan Locomotive Works, Diesel Locomotive Works (Varanasi), Tata Engineering and Locomotive Works (Jamshedpur).
The Integral Coach Factory at Perampur near Chennai was set up in 1955 with Swiss collaboration.
In medium and heavy commercial vehicles, Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO) is the leading producer.
Ship building Industry in India
There are four hubs of ship building in the country and they are Vishakhapatnam, Kochi, Mumbai and Kolkata.
The first aircraft industry in the country was established at Bangalore in 1940 with the name of Hindustan Aircraft Ltd. Afterwards, Hindustan Aircraft Ltd was merged into Aeronautics India Ltd in 1964 to form Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd, Bangalore.
Bicycle and Sports Materials Industry
India is the second most manufacturer of Bicycle in the world.
First factory producing Bicycle was started in 1940 in Mumbai.
Atlas cycle, Hero Cycle are the largest bicycle manufacturing company in India.
The industry associated with sports materials mainly located at Aga, Meerut (UP), Ludhiana, Jalandhar (Punjab) and Delhi.
Fertilizer Industry in India
The first fertilizer plant was started at Ranipet in the state of Tamil Nadu in 1906.
The first public sector fertilizer plant is established in Sindri (Jharkhand).