Location - South West tip of the India's main land/ North latitude between 8° 18' and 12° 48' East longitude between 74° 52' and 77° 22'.
Capital - Thiruvananthapuram
Area - 38,863 square kilometers
Principal Language - Malayalam
Currency - Indian Rupee
National Festival - Onam
Staple Food – Rice
Neighboring States - Tamil Nadu, Karnataka
Neighboring Union Territories - Lakshadweep
Districts - 14
Taluks - 77
Villages - 1670
Census Towns - 461
Grama Panchayats - 941
Block Panchayats - 152
Districts Panchayats - 14
Assembly Seats - 140 + 1 Anglo Indian Nominee
Lok Sabha Seats - 20 + 1 Anglo Indian Nominee
Municipalities – 87
Municipal Corporations – 6
Cantonments - 1 (Kannur)
Township - 1 (Guruvayoor)
Legislative Constituencies - 140
Lok Sabha Constituencies - 20
Rajya Sabha Seats - 9
Seat of High Court - Kochi
Universities - 7 + 2 deemed universities
Highest Populated District - Malappuram
Lowest populated District - Wayanad
Largest District - Idukki
Smallest District – Alappuzha
Highest Peak - Anamudi
Total number of Rivers - 44
Total number of Lakes – 34
Longest river – Periyar
Largest Lake - Vembanadu Lake
National Highways – 9
International Airports – 4 (Trivandrum, Kochi, Kannur & Calicut)
Regional Passport Offices - 4 (Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Kozhikode and Malappuram)
State Animal - Elephant
State Bird - Hornbill (Bensyrus bicemis)
State Flower - Kanikonna (Cassia fistula)
State Tree - Coconut Tree (Cocos nucifera)
State Fish - Pearl Spot (Karimeen – Etroplus Suratensis)
State Fruit - Jackfruit
Population - 3.34,06,061
Male - 1,60,27,412
Female - 1,73,78,649
Sex Ratio - 1,084 (Females Per 1000 males)
Population density - 860/sq.lcm
Urban Population - 1,59,34,926
Rural Population - 1,74,71, 135
Decadal Growth rate - 4.9
SC Population - 30,39,573
ST Population - 4,84,839
Total Literacy - 3,33,87,677
Male Literacy - 1,60,21,290
Female Literacy - 1,73,66,387
Literacy Rate - 93.9%
Male literacy Rate - 96.02%
Female Literacy Rate - 91.98%
Facts about Kerala
The geographical location of Kerala is in between the North Latitude 8 degree 17 minute 30 second and 12 degree 47 minute 40 second & in between the East Longitude 74 degree 27 minute 47 second and 77 degree 37 minute 12 second.
The area of Kerala is 38,863 square kilometers.
Kerala is 21st position in size among the Indian states.
Kerala contributes 1.18 percent of total area of India.
The population of Kerala is more than 3 crore 34 lakhs. It contributes 3.1 percent of Indian population.
According to Population, Kerala is in 12th position among the Indian states.
The female-male ratio of Kerala is 1084:1000. It is highest female-male ratio of India.
The population density of Kerala is 860 per square kilometer.
Kerala is the highest literate state of India. Literacy percent is 94 %.
Kerala is the first complete literate state of India. (1991 April 18)
Kottayam is the first complete literate municipal town of India. (1989)
Ernakulam is the first complete literate city of India. (1990)
Kerala state was formed on November 1, 1956 as per the States Reorganisation Act 1956 by merging the three malayalam speaking regions of Travancore and the Malabar district of the erstwhile Madras State.
Five districts at the time of formation were Trivandrum, Kollam, Kottayam, Thrissur and Malabar.
It is the first Native legislature in India. It has Legislature Council in the princely state of Travancore in 1888, in princely state of Cochin in 1925 and in Malabar district of Madras province in 1920s.
Merger of Travancore and Cochin as Travancore – Cochin (Thiru-Kochi) in July 1, 1949. The Maharaja of Travancore became the Rajapramukh of the new state. The first legislature assembly of Travancore-Cochin consists of 178 members of the legislative bodies of Travancore and Cochin.
The last chief minister of Travancore-Cochin State is Panampalli Govinda Menon.
The first chief minister of Cochin is E.Ikkanda Warrier of Congress.
During his tenure the new state of Travancore – Cochin came into existence.
Facts about Kerala Villages
The first panchayat to attain the literacy rate of 100% through ‘Akshara Keralam’ project is Karivellur (Kannur District).
The first complete computerized panchayat is Vellanad (Thiruvananthapuram District).
The first panchayat to start ‘Panchayat Level Participatory Planning’ is Kalliasseri (Kannur District).
The first village to attain computer literacy is Chamravattom village of Triprangode panchayat in Malappuram District.
The first panchayat to start Akshaya Center is Pallikkal Panchayat of Kondotty Block.
The first panchayat in kerala aimed to became a model fishing village and tourist center is Kumbalangi of Ernakulam District.
The first panchayat to produce and supply electricity is Mankulam in Idduki District.
The first child friendly panchayat of Kerala is Venganoor.
The first complete clean panchayat of kerala is Pothukal of Malappuram district.
The first litigation free village in india is Varavoor.
The first panchayat in kerala to establish the first Eco Tourism project of India is Thenmala (Kollam District).
The ‘Ayalkoottam’ was first conducted in Kalliasseri of Kannur District.
Palakkad has the most villages in Kerala, whereas Malappuram has the most Grama Panchayats.
The Panchayat Raj system was first started in Nagaur of Rajasthan (1959). The first south indian state to establish Panchayat Raj system is Andhra Pradesh. Kerala Panchayat Raj system was established in 30th September, 1995.
The first ‘children panchayat’ of kerala is Nedumbassery (Ernakulam).
Chandiroor is the first siddha village. It is located in Aroor panchayat of Alappuzha district.
It was in East kodungallur of Ernakulam district, the first ‘aqua technology park’ of country is planned to establish.
Mattupetty of Idukki district is the first model livestock village of country.
The first fully Blood Donation Panchayat of country is Madikai of Kasargod District.
The first water museum of country was started its working in peringolam panchayat of Kunnamangalam in Kozhikode district.
The first ‘E – Literacy Panchayat’ of country is at Sreekandapuram of Kannur district.
The first litigation limited, complete law literate panchayat of India is Cheriyanad of Alappuzha.
The first complete Eye Donation Village is Cherukulathoor of Kozhikode.